The Chilean Precolumbian Art Museum is dedicated to the study and display of pre-Columbian artworks and artefacts from Central and South America. The museum is located in downtown Santiago. It was founded by the prominent Chilean architect and antiquities collector Sergio Larraín García-Moreno, who had needed to display and preserve his private collection of pre-Columbian artefacts that he acquired over the course of his life. With the support of government, he obtained the building and established the museum's curatorial institution. The museum opened in 1981.
Items in the museum's collections are drawn from the major pre-Columbian culture areas of Mesoamerica, Intermediate / Isthmo-Colombian, Pan-Caribbean, Amazonia and the Andean (central and southern).
The museum is located in the heart of downtown Santiago, on the corner of Bandera and Compañía streets, a block from Plaza de Armas, which also has a Metro station of the same name on line 5.